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A prosthesis is an “externally applied device used to replace wholly, or in part, an absent or deficient limb segment” and an orthosis is an “externally applied device used to modify the structural and functional characteristics of the neuromuscular and skeletal system”.Prosthetics and orthotics services enable people with limb amputations or physical impairments of their limbs or spine to achieve greater function and independence to participate in society. To achieve these objectives, the International Society for Prosthetics and Orthotics (ISPO) has worked to develop the prosthetics and orthotics sector worldwide since its inception in the 1970s.


As a global, multidisciplinary, non-governmental organization aiming to improve the quality of life for persons who may benefit from prosthetic, orthotic, mobility and assistive devices, ISPO provides an effective platform for the exchange and communication on all aspects of the science, practice, and education associated with the provision of prosthetic and orthotic care, rehabilitation engineering, and related areas.


The Society has approximately 3,500 members of different professional disciplines in over 100 countries: prosthetists and orthotists, prosthetic and orthotic (P&O) technicians, orthopedic surgeons, rehabilitation doctors, physiotherapists, occupational therapists, orthopedic shoemakers, nurses and biomechanical/rehabilitation engineers.